By Wanda Aguilar Carrillo - Dental school student
Globalization is directly or indirectly linked to all sectors that can constitute humanity, whether social, political, economic, cultural, etc. Since the entry of this century, the use of ideas, rather than physical skills, has been implemented in order to promote economic and social development. So, the use of technology is essential, leaving aside many of the other resources such as cheap labor, raw materials etc. Therefore, information and communication technologies now mainly promote this dynamic consisting of an economy in which knowledge is created, acquired, and transmitted by companies and organizations (García y Pulgar, 2010).
Society has been greatly affected by globalization. In the social sphere, we talk about the great impact it has on people's lives and their work. One of these important points is unemployment: due to the implementation of technology in today's world, many of the workers can be replaced by machines and be left without their work and livelihood. So there is a growing poverty day by day, since many of these workers do not have sufficient requirements for other types of jobs, and are not guaranteed to find employment again, which goes the opposite with the main idea of globalization, which is the progressive integration of economies and societies.
Economic globalization is responsible for integrating economies through the exchange of goods, technology, capital, etc. This economic globalization depends entirely on the cooperation of the international market, through the exchange of technologies and productive factors, and trade facilitation between the participating members. All this is achieved through various agreements and protocols that seek all these exchanges. Therefore, it is of paramount importance for these states to respect agreements and to fulfill all their obligations as members, therefore, carrying out their integration processes in a coded manner is of great importance (Copelli, 2018).
In politics, globalization does not work in such a different way, it is responsible for developing different mechanisms that allow to connect and integrate the different national policies into a single global policy, in order to deal with the issues that affect all societies on Earth, since many of the most significant problems such as the depletion of natural resources, climate change, etc., they only manage to be confronted when all countries come together and work together, so these policies become a global issue, and work on a global scale. Globalization has driven the formation and union of countries in blocks to be governed by common guidelines and laws, one of the best examples of such organizations is the United Nations (Hernández, 2015).
Finally, thanks to the advent of globalization, today's world is taking a huge turn on reality and progress, helping people to think and promote human development as an alternative to the current world order. Since this is what you are looking for: a balance of socioeconomic and political factors, in order to be able to live in a constant growth and ensure a good quality of life for future generations; although, at the global level, the business sectors engaged in foreign trade connections are the most benefiting, mainly with the most developed countries. As long as this global reproduction scheme persists, it will be difficult to strike the balance between nations, leading to greater conflicts. As a phenomenon, as well as a process, economic globalization has been objectively an engine of global economic development.